Category Archives: Clarissa Emma KIDD

Emigration – Why would you?

John and Julia Kidd emigrated to Australia sometime between 1907, when Clarissa was born in Durham, England[1] and 1913, when Selwyn was born in South Australia.[2] After extensive research, no record of either departure or arrival can be found.[3]

One thing that records cannot reveal, is what motivated this nineteenth century couple to emigrate to the furthest reaches of the British Empire, and rebuild their lives in a primitive and isolated foreign land. This question fascinates me, perhaps because I never received a satisfactory answer from my own parents.

There are several questions to research before attempting an educated guess. Did John have no extended family? Emigration meant a loss of connection with the extended family, but John was one of seven children, had seven aunts and uncles and presumably numerous cousins.[4] Clarissa’s extended family are yet to be researched. Were they young and just starting out? They were both in their forties, with three young children.[5] Were they poor? John was raised in a household with two servants,[6] and the eldest son, (his father’s estate was worth £8,484 15s 3d)[7] he must have been moderately wealthy.

So, middle aged, with a growing family, and moderately wealthy, not the kind of young-ambitious-nothing-to-lose stereotype that I had in mind. This leaves me wondering about the timing, (1907 – 1913). Were they politically savvy enough to foresee the world’s first global conflict?

There is much more that can be researched before making an educated guess about what motivated John and Julia Kidd to emigrate to Australia.

 

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[1] England & Wales births 1837­2006 Transcription, (http://www.findmypast.com/ :accessed 26 March, 2016)

[2] Adams, GF, Family History Workbook, unpublished. p 81.

[3] Adams, GF, Family History Workbook, unpublished. P 76

[4] Adams, GF, Family History Workbook, unpublished. P 77-78

[5] Adams, GF, Family History Workbook, unpublished. p 81.

[6] “England and Wales Census, 1871”, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VBZ2-S1G : 24 July 2015), Pearson W Kidd in entry for Jane Bell, 1871.; “England and Wales Census, 1881,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/Q271-FQXD : 19 August 2016), Pearson W Kidd, Bishop Wearmouth, Durham, England; from “1881 England, Scotland and Wales census,” database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing p. 19, Piece/Folio 4993/145, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey; FHL microfilm 101,775,382.

[7] England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1883, Pearson Ward Kidd (http://www.ancestrylibrary.com/ retrieved 11 January, 2017)

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The Saga of Clarissa KIDD

My children’s paternal great-grandmother, Clarissa Emma KIDD has been extremely difficult to trace. I found a website created for the descendants of Mr Thomas Henderson[1] but it is sparsely referenced and not accurate. I also found two family trees with a Clarissa in Ancestry Library[2] and again the information was sparsely referenced and less than accurate.

One showed no spouse, the other showed a spouse, and one child. I decided to compare the Henderson family tree with this second one, recording it in my workbook[3] as an “interview”.

I needed to connect the two Clarissa KIDD records, I moved to her parents and siblings and found they had emigrated between 1907 and 1913. I tried in vain to find them on a passenger manifest. On Trove[4], I started scouring the newspapers for birth, marriage, and death notices. Finally, I found a death notice for Clarissa’s father, that listed his wife, Julia and surviving children as Fred, Les, Clarrie, and Selwyn.[5] Encouraged but needing more I widened the search parameters and found his Eulogy.[6] His birthplace coincided, the year of his arrival placed approximately 1909, the list of children this time written formally gave his daughter’s name as Mrs C Henderson.

With three separate connections I can now be confident.

[1] http://home.iprimus.com.au/flbest/henderson/1.htm

[2] http://person.ancestrylibrary.com/tree/49735217/person/28205264143/facts and http://person.ancestrylibrary.com/tree/27084358/person/13901798702/facts  

[3] Adams, GF, Family History Workbook, unpublished p 73-77.

[4] http://trove.nla.gov.au/

[5] 1931 ‘Family Notices’, News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 – 1954), 10 March, p. 10. (HOME EDITION), viewed 04 Dec 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article129925392

[6] 1931 ‘EARLY SOCCER PLAYER’, News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 – 1954), 12 March, p. 11. (HOME EDITION), viewed 04 Dec 2016, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article129923799

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